The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) offers admissions to various law programmes offered by 22 National Law Universities around the country. Previously the exam was conducted by NLUs on a rotational basis. But from 2019 onwards a permanent body formed by the universities – The Consortium of NLUs conducts this exam. It has its headquarter, at NLSIU Bangalore.
It is an All India Level Common Law Entrance Examination for the students willing to seek admissions in Integrated LL.B. and LL.M. programs. The Test takes place on the Second Sunday of May every year. Various private law colleges and government institutions offering law courses across the country consider CLAT Scores.
CLAT 2020 Highlights
|Conducting Body||National Law University Odisha (NLUO), Cuttack|
|Exam Level||National Level Examination|
|Exam Frequency||Once in a year|
|Courses Offered||Undergraduate and Postgraduate law programmes|
|Exam fee||Unreserved / Other Backward Classes / Specially Abled Persons / Other Category Candidates – INR 4000Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes and BPL Categories- INR 3500|
|Mode of Application||Online|
|Mode of exam||Offline i.e. Pen and Paper-based Test (PBT)|
|Exam Duration||2 Hours or 120 Minutes|
|Seats Offered||Around 2175|
|Applications Per Year||Approx. 59000|
|Helpline No.||+91 97415 21069, 94825 67257(Bengaluru)+91 84807 18979 (Odisha)|
Major Changes in CLAT 2020
Consortium of National Law Universities has introduced following changes for CLAT 2020 examination –
- The total number of questions has been reduced to 150 from 200.
- There will be comprehension-based questions from Quantitative Techniques, English, Current Affairs, Deductive Reasoning and Logical Reasoning in the final examination.
- Under CLAT 2020 LLM, Consortium of National Law Universities has introduced the minimum cut off marks as 40% (35% for SC/ST/PWD candidates) for objective test paper i.e. candidates will now have to secure at least minimum cut off marks to be eligible for evaluation of the subjective paper.
CLAT 2020 Important Dates
Consortium of National Law Universities has released the CLAT 2020 schedule on its official website. Applications should fill the form by the last date after checking the eligibility criteria.
The following table provides a schedule for CLAT 2020 important events –
|Applications Open||01 Jan, 2020||Online registration starts.|
|Application Deadline||31 Mar, 2020||All application forms to be submitted by this date.|
|CLAT 2020 Examination||10 May, 2020||Carry admit card and a valid ID proof to the allotted exam centre.|
|Uploading of Answer Keys||11 May, 2020||Applications can tally their answers from the answer key released.|
|Inviting Objections||12 May, 2020||Any objections in the answer key can be made starting from this date.|
|Last date for Objections||15 May, 2020||Objections, if any have to be submitted before the last date.|
|Notification of Final Answer Key||18 May, 2020||Authorities shall release a final answer key after considering all the objections made.|
|Declaration of Final Results||24 May, 2020||Merit list for each NLU shall be out.|
CLAT 2020 Courses Offered
CLAT is a national level exam for candidates seeking admission to various undergraduate and postgraduate law programmes. NLUs and other law colleges accepting CLAT scores offer Five-year integrated LLB course as well as LLM courses as under –
- BA LLB (Bachelor of Arts LLB)
- BSc LLB (Bachelor of Science LLB)
- BCom LLB (Bachelor of Commerce LLB)
- BBA LLB (Bachelor of Business Administration LLB)
- BSW LLB (Bachelor of Social Work LLB)
- LLM (Master of Laws)
CLAT 2020 Eligibility Criteria
Candidates before filling the form must check the eligibility criteria of the course from the official website – https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in
- Age limit– There is no upper age limit for UG Programme in CLAT 2020.
- Qualifying marks– As regards the minimum percentage required in the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2 or an equivalent examination), the candidates must have secured 45% or its equivalent grade if belonging to General / OBC / PWD / NRI / PIO / OCI categories and 40% or equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
- Appearing candidates – Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April, 2020 are also eligible to apply for CLAT 2020 examination. However, they have to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission.
- Submission of Marksheet– The result of the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) has to be submitted by the candidate during admission failing which he/she shall be ineligible for admission to the Course.
- Age limit– There is no upper age limit for PG Programme in CLAT 2020.
- Qualifying marks– An LLB Degree or an equivalent examination with a minimum of 50% of marks or equivalent grade in case of applicants belonging to General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI categories and 45% of marks or its equivalent grade for applicants belonging to SC/ST categories.
- Appearing candidates – Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April, 2020 are also eligible to apply for CLAT 2020 examination. However, they have to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission. If they fail to do so, they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
CLAT 2020 Reservation Criteria
NLUs grant reservation of seats for some categories. All the National Law Universities have their own defined CLAT Reservation policies for various courses. These criteria are considered during the seat allotment process or at the time of counselling.
The following categories are offered reservation of seats –
- Scheduled Caste (SC)
- Scheduled Tribe (ST)
- Other Backward Classes (OBC)
- Physically Disabled Candidates (PwD)
- State Quota for the candidates in which NLU is located
- NRI/Foreign National candidates
- Candidates belonging to the North-Eastern States
- Kashmiri Migrants
CLAT 2020 Application Form
Candidates can register for CLAT 2020 examination by filling the application form online between 1st Jan 2020 to 31st March 2020. It is advised to keep scanned copies of required documents to be uploaded ready before they start filling the form.
How to apply for CLAT Exam 2020? – (Step by Step Process)
- Go to the official website of CLAT Consortium and click on ‘Register’ tab. Fill in all their personal details including name, mobile number, and password. After this click on the registration button.
- Candidates shall receive an OTP on the registered mobile number.
- Activate your account by entering your registered mobile number and OTP received.
- Log onto your account for further process.
Filling the application form-
After logging into the account candidate has to enter the following details-
- Personal details
- Communication details
- Academic qualification details
- Course selection
- If require previous years CLAT question papers
- Reservation category
- CLAT exam centre preference
- NLU preference
Note– No change in category is possible after final submission of the application form.
Uploading of documents-
After filling in all the details candidates are required to upload scanned images of documents in prescribed formats. The reservation category students have to upload their caste certificates along with other documents.
Following table gives a list of documents to be uploaded along with prescribed formats-
|Photograph (front-facing passport size recent photograph with plain background)||500 KB||JPEG/JPG|
|State of Domicile Certificate||2 MB|
Payment of Application Fees-
The final step is payment of application fees. Candidates have the option of paying it in online mode using debit card/credit card/net banking or offline mode using bank challan.
CLAT 2020 Application Form Correction
Candidates can make corrections in the details of the CLAT Application Form only in this period. After this no changes will be allowed. Following is a list of details students can change –
|S.No.||Particulars allowed to make the Correction|
|2||Date of Birth|
CLAT 2020 Application Fee
Candidates have to pay the application fee; failing to do so shall result in the cancellation of the application form. It can be paid online through debit card, credit card or via net banking. Candidates can also pay it in offline mode through bank challan.
|Category||Application Form Fee|
|Unreserved / Other Backward Classes / Specially Abled Persons / Other Category Candidates||Rs. 4,000 /-|
|Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes and BPL Categories||Rs. 3,500 /-|
CLAT 2020 Admit card
Candidates can download the CLAT 2020 Admit Card available on the official website from May 2020. They are required to carry a hard copy of the admit card to the examination centre. No candidate shall be allowed to take the exam without the admit card.
Steps to download CLAT 2020 Admit Card
- Open the official website of CLAT 2020.
- Click on the admit card link provided.
- Enter your CLAT 2020 Registration ID and Password to log in.
- Click on the tab provided to download admit card.
- Click on the “download” option and take a printout of the CLAT Admit Card.
CLAT 2020 Syllabus
English including comprehension
This section checks candidate’s proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar.
- In the comprehension section, candidates understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein, etc. will be assessed.
- The grammar section includes correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.
- This section Usually comprises of three major sections:
- Vocabulary – covers synonyms, antonyms, and analogies.
- Grammar – correction of grammatical errors in questions, fill in the blanks with appropriate words etc.
- Comprehension – tests the understanding of passage including its central theme and word meanings.
General Knowledge and Current Affairs:
- This section evaluates the General knowledge of the candidate on the basis of general awareness including static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs test the candidate’s knowledge of national and international current affairs.
- This section tests the candidate’s knowledge of elementary mathematics, i.e., maths taught up to 10th Standard.
- It helps to understand the fundamental arithmetic skills of candidates and the level of questions is up to 10th standard.
- This section is for testing the candidate’s inclination towards study of law, research aptitude and problem-solving ability. Questions include legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions proposed in the questions may not be “true” in the real sense. Here candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.
- The purpose of this section in CLAT syllabus is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It may include a variety of logical reasoning questions -syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc.
- Visual reasoning will not be tested.
Questions in CLAT 2020 LLM are based on the subjects studied in the Bachelors Program.
- The level of questions is generally moderate to difficult.
- A candidate’s comprehension of basic fundamentals of law in their UG degree shall be tested in the examination.
- Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence both have an equal weightage of 50 marks each.
- The remaining questions are from different topics like Criminal law, International Law, etc.
Books to prepare for CLAT 2020
The candidates can refer to the following books while preparing for CLAT 2020.
- Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis
- High School English Grammar and Composition by Wren & Martin
- English is Easy by Chetananand Singh
- Objective General English by RS Aggarwal
- Barron’s Pocket Guide to Vocabulary
For General Knowledge
- Pearson General Knowledge Manual 2020
- Lucent’s General Knowledge
- Manorama Year Book
- India Year Book
- Competition Success Review
- Pratiyogita Darpan
- The Hindu Newspaper
- The Indian Express Newspaper
- Hindustan Times
- The Telegraph Newspaper
For CLAT 2020 for Legal Aptitude
- Universal’s CLAT Guide
- Legal Awareness and Legal Aptitude by AP Bhardwaj
- LexisNexis Butterworths
- Bare Acts of Indian Constitution
For Logical Reasoning
- Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal
- Analytical Reasoning by MK Pandey
- Analytical and Logical Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal
- Quantitative Aptitude by RS Aggarwal
- Class 10th NCERT Textbook
CLAT 2020 Exam Centers
Candidates can choose any 3 preferred exam cities as exam centre while filling the Application Form. The seats will be allotted by the conducting authority i.e. National Law University (NLU) Odisha, Cuttack based on the availability. CLAT 2020 exam shall be conducted in approx. 66 cities across the country in 128 exam centres. Candidates must carry the CLAT Admit Card 2020 along with any government ID proof (Voter ID, Aadhar Card, Driving License, PAN Card) for identity proof.
List of CLAT 2020 Exam Centres
|Exam Centre States||Exam Centre Cities|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad, Vishakapatnam, Vijayawada|
|Haryana||Faridabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Kurukshetra|
|Himachal Pradesh||Kangra, Shimla|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal, Indore|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Nagpur, Thane, Pune|
|Punjab||Amritsar, Jalandhar, Mohali, Patiala|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota|
|Tamil Nadu||Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli|
|Uttar Pradesh||Agra, Allahabad, Barabanki, Ghaziabad, Gorakhpur, Greater Noida, Kanpur, Lucknow, Noida, Varanasi|
|Uttarakhand||Dehradun, Haldwani, Nainital|
|West Bengal||Kolkata, Siliguri|
CLAT 2020 Exam Pattern
CLAT 2020 exam will be held in offline mode. Detailed CLAT 2020 exam pattern as given by Consortium of National Law Universities is as below:
|Mode of Examination||Offline (Pen & Paper Based Test)|
|Duration of Exam||2 Hours|
|Question Type||MCQ/ Objective Type|
|Total Questions||120 – 150 (For UG Candidates)150 (For PG Candidates)|
|Total No. of Marks||200|
CLAT 2020 Marking Scheme
Following marking scheme is followed to calculate the total score of the candidate-
- Each correct answer will fetch 1 mark
- Each incorrect response will fetch -0.25
CLAT 2020 Result
CLAT 2020 result shall be released on 24th May, 2020 on the official website. The first merit list is expected to be released by the last week of May, 2020. Students can view CLAT 2020 results by individually logging in to the registered account on the official CLAT website. Also, the candidate will be able to check his score, All India Rank and category rank (if published).
CLAT 2020 Answer Key
The exam authorities will release the CLAT 2020 answer key on 11th May 2020. Candidates can tally their answers and file objections between 12th May 2020 to 15th May 2020. The final answer key shall be released on 18th of May 2020.
CLAT 2020 Cut Offs
The cut-offs for each Institute are separately declared by every CLAT Participating Institutes. CLAT 2020 cut off will be the minimum marks to be secured by candidates for admission into the law universities.
CLAT 2020 Cut Off shall form the basis of counselling and seat allotment. The cut offs are calculated considering multiple factors such as:
- CLAT Paper difficulty level
- Availability of seats
- Average marks scored in the CLAT Exam
- Total test population.
CLAT 2020 Counselling and Seat Allotment
The candidates are required to submit the counseling fee of Rs 50,000 for participation in CLAT 2020 counselling. The allotment of seats shall be done on the basis of CLAT 2020 ranks, category and number of seats. CLAT 2020 admission in UG and PG programme will be followed by centralized online counseling conducted by the CLAT authority. The final admission will be offered to the candidate only after the verification of documents.
CLAT 2020 Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. The break of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under:
- Higher marks in the section of legal aptitude
- Higher age;
- Computerized draw of lots.
Ans. No, CLAT 2020 will be conducted in offline mode in various exam centres across the country.
Ans. Application fees for various categories –
Application Form Fee
Unreserved / Other Backward Classes / Specially Abled Persons / Other Category Candidates
Rs. 4,000 /-
Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes and BPL Categories
Rs. 3,500 /-
Ans. Yes, 0.25 marks are deducted for every wrong answer.
Ans. The General knowledge section in the CLAT exam includes questions from Static GK and Current Affairs (National and International).
Ans. If a candidate fails to deposit the requisite fee before the last date specified, he will lose the right to be considered for admission into the NLU for that year.
Ans. No, candidates will not be allowed to change their preferences once the CLAT results are out and counselling begins. However, if you’re allotted your 2nd preference NLU during a counselling session and in the subsequent session a seat opens up in a higher preference NLU of your choice, you are eligible for ‘Upward Shift’ to that seat. But only upward shift is allowed. No downgrading is possible.